Friday, 14 August 2020

Love, passion and ... IP: When a copyright work goes too far

It seems a long, long time since I wrote an article for publication. Books, blogging and courses seemed to take all the available time. So I am delighted to be able to say that the Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice will soon be publishing a rather insubstantial piece I wrote about that famous copyright case, Glyn v Weston Feature Film Company, in response to the editor's request for pieces on the theme of "Love, passion and ... IP". Well, it had to be done, and I hope people find it entertaining. It is also quite illuminating, as the judgment isn't actually what the textbooks mostly say it is (my own textbook included, though not any longer) and as the novel was the biggest-selling book of 1907, and made its author a star, it really ought not to be confined to the footnotes.

Read the advance summary of my article here.

Wednesday, 12 August 2020

Intellectual property course

 I've been presenting a two-day course on intellectual property for CLT for longer than I can remember, and before that (before I can remember?) three of the four sessions making up its predecessor (the other session that I didn't present being patents). Now CLT has announced that it is closing at the end of August (https://www.clt.co.uk/eng/insights/important-information-for-clt-customers/).

The next running of the course was to take place on 6 and 7 October, and there seems no point in changing that. I have the course, I have Zoom, and I even have some customers. The course is ideal for practitioners and inhouse lawyers entering the IP field, and is designed to cover everything you need to know about the whole field - or as much of it as can be squeezed into two days. If you would like to join the course, please get in touch either by commenting here or by email to peter@ipsojure.co.uk.

No summary judgment in software copyright case

Douglas Campbell QC, sitting as a Chancery Division judge, refused to give the claimant summary judgment in Oysterware Ltd & Intentor Ltd [2020] EWHC 2125 (Ch) (not yet on Bailii: I am indebted to the report from Practical Law) although it might have been a different story had the claim been formulated differently.

The claimant supplied hardware, software and support to the defendant. When the relationship came to an end, they sued for breach of contract, breach of confidence, and infringement of copyright, alleging that the first defendant had copied the design of what was referred "the Embedded Product." 

The Embedded Product was described as a single homogenous runtime image (a runtime image being, as I understand it, executable Java code that does not need an accompanying Java Runtime Environment distributed with it, which makes it much smaller and more easily distributed). It consisted of computer code that emanated variously from Microsoft, third party suppihers and the claimant, but the defendants characterised it as a general-purpose computer running Windows XP. Of course the claimant owned no copyright in the operating system or in the third party software, but that is not really the point; no doubt recognising this fact, they had claimed that copyright in the design of the Embedded Product rather than copyright in the embedded product itself had been infringed.

So what was that design? A former employee of the claimant gave evidence that the embedded product had to be considered as a whole (hence the "single homogenous" rubric). This embraced the specific design of the reatine image and the compilation of components. But the claim said that the runtime image was the copyright work: it said nothing about copyright in a compilation. (I find myself imagining the judge, indeed any judge, thinking about how he could have drafted the claim - I doubt they can resist doing so, although of course that in itself is not grounds for a decision.)

The employee explained that the design involved skilled choices, which sounds like a last-ditch effort to rescue a drowning copyright claim: crucially, that was a matter for the court. The pleadings had left subsistance as a matter that needed a trial.

Whether what the defendants had copied was what conferred onginality on the Embedded Product was another matter that was that was not suitable for seemmary disposition. Because the claimant had failed to identify what the product's structure was and whether it involved cutellectual creativity, they were not going to get summary judgment.

The same litigation has already given us a statement of the principles to be applied in an application to strike out: [2018] EWHC 611, which is also missing from Bailii.
 

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